Osteoporosis is a condition in which bones become weak and brittle. It is very common in India with more than 10 million cases recorded every year. As the world will celebrate 20 October 2017 as World Osteoporosis day, here are 9 things you need to know about Osteoporosis.
1. SymptomsAlthough early stages of Osteoporosis don’t cause any symptoms but in the most cases, people with Osteoporosis will know when they have a fracture.
2. Requires A Medical DiagnosisWithout medical diagnosis, the condition can worsen as bones become thinner and chances of fractures increases.
Symptoms of severe osteoporosis include fracture from fall and sometimes even from a strong sneeze. They also include back or neck pain or loss of height.
3. Key CausesThe key causes include age and menopause
When we reach our 30s, our bones start to become brittle.
Osteoporosis occurs commonly with women between the ages of 45 to 55 years with the change in hormones due to menopause. For men, Osteoporosis occurs when they reach age of 65 to 70.
4. Major Risk FactorsThe major risk factors of Osteoporosis include:
● Being an older adult
● Family history of Osteoporosis
● Poor nutrition
● Low body weight
5. DiagnosisTo check for osteoporosis, doctors often review your medical history and suggest a bone density test. The test of called bone densitometry which uses X-ray to measure the density of bones especially in wrists, hips and spine as these areas have a high chance at Osteoporosis. The test is painless and typically lasts from 10 to 30 minutes.
6. TreatmentIf you were to have Osteoporosis (IF!), your doctor is likely to suggest to medications with lifestyle changes. Although there is no cure for Osteoporosis, proper treatment can prolong the breakage of bones.
7. Natural TreatmentsStudies show that red clover, soy, and black cohosh increase bone health and ease the symptoms of Osteoporosis.
8. DietA diet rich in calcium, vitamin D, protein, magnesium, vitamin K and zinc helps to strength bones. However, consult your doctor before you try out the diet.
9. ExercisesExercises such as climbing stairs, resistance training (squats and pushup) and weight training (working with dumbbells) help to strengthen our bones as they cause our muscles to push and pull against our bones.
10. Common PrecautionsAvoid ultra-low- calorie diets and diets that eliminate whole food groups.
● Clear floors of anything that you could trip on since it can cause fracture and these
fractures will lead to Osteoporosis especially among older woman and woman with low
● No smoking, please since smoking may lower estrogen levels.
● Avoid high salt intake.