6 Things You Need To Know About Deep Vein Thrombosis On World Thrombosis Day - Oct 13

Mirudhulaa Padmanaban 2017-10-13



Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is a blood clot in a deep vein, usually in legs and require immediate medical care. These clots can be very dangerous as they may break free and travel through the bloodstream to the lungs and block the flow of blood in the lungs. It can also damage the vein and cause the leg ache, swelling and change in color. It is very common with over one million cases per year. They often underdiagnosed and serious. So this international day of Deep Vein Thrombosis (October 13) , here’s everything you need to absolutely know about DVT.

1. Cause

Clots are usually formed when one is paralyzed or bedridden for a long trip. Cancer also causes DVT. Age too plays a huge role in causing DVT. The more older an individual get, higher are the chances of developing DVT.

6 Things You Need To Know About Deep Vein Thrombosis On World Thrombosis Day - Oct 13

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2. Symptoms

Swelling of the affected leg, warm and redder legs and tender calf muscle are usually the symptoms of Deep Vein Thrombosis. The symptoms also include
● Difficulty in breathing
● Irregular heart beat or faster than normal
● Extremely low blood pressure or lightheadness
● Coughing up blood
● Chest pain


6 Things You Need To Know About Deep Vein Thrombosis On World Thrombosis Day - Oct 13

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3. Diagnosis

To test for DVT, your doctor is likely to suggest an ultrasound test to measure the flow of blood through your veins and identify the clots that block the flow.

6 Things You Need To Know About Deep Vein Thrombosis On World Thrombosis Day - Oct 13

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4. Treatment

Usually involves taking blood thinners for at least three months to prevent the existing clots from further growth. Your doctor may also recommend you to elevate your leg when possible and wear compression stockings and relieves pain and swelling. They may have to be worn for 2 years or more. In worst cases, the clot might have to be removed surgically.

6 Things You Need To Know About Deep Vein Thrombosis On World Thrombosis Day - Oct 13

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5. Prevention

If you are sitting for a long time , like during a long flight or car trip, you can exercise your legs often to help blood flow and thus reducing your chances at Deep Vein Thrombosis. Also, wear loose-fitting clothes while travelling for long duration.

6 Things You Need To Know About Deep Vein Thrombosis On World Thrombosis Day - Oct 13

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6. Risk Factors

The following list increase your risks of developing DVT:
● Injury to the vein often caused by fracture or major surgery (especially involving abdomen/pelvis/hip/legs)
● Slow blood flow often caused by confinement to bed typically after a surgery or due to a medical condition or sometimes due to limited movement (perhaps a cast on leg)
● Increased estrogen caused by birth control pills


6 Things You Need To Know About Deep Vein Thrombosis On World Thrombosis Day - Oct 13

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Family history of DVT
Obesity


ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Mirudhulaa P

Hi there! I am Mirudhulaa and I am the last of the Time Lord.



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