One of the important phases of India’s struggle for independence from the British rule was the Non-Cooperation Movement. It was marked by thousands of common citizens taking part in the rallies. It was launched on 31st August 1920. The British rule was being resisted by this movement by adopting non-violent ways. Here are a few facts about this movement.
1. Gandhiji Organized ItIt was one of the first acts of civil disobedience organized by him.
2. Outcry Over The Amritsar Massacre In 1919 Gave Rise To This MovementIt is also known as the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. The Government’s inaction to take necessary steps against those responsible for the massacre led to the public supporting this movement.
3. The Movement Was Strengthened By GandhijiHe extended his support to the Muslim campaign aimed against the dismemberment of the Ottoman Empire following the World War I.
4. It Was A Completely Non-Violent MovementIt involved people refusing to pay taxes, boycotting Government service, elections, courts, foreign goods and even educational institutions run by the Government.
5. The Indian National Congress Had Agreed Upon ItThe proposal was accepted in September and that December it was finalized.
6. On Being Confronted By A United Indian Front In 1921, The Government Was ShakenA revolt in Kerala in 1921 and many violent outbreaks thereafter led to an alarming situation.
7. The Movement Was Called Off In 1922This was due to the incident at Chauri Chaura. Gandhiji was arrested a month later.
The focus of the movement was the way people came together from different spheres just to be a part of it. Indian nationalism was seen on a large scale because of this movement. Though a few years later the ‘civil disobedience movement’ was launched which was on similar lines as the ‘Non-cooperation movement’ but, they still differed.